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A DEFINITION OF TERMS

Croup
The area of the back directly above the hind legs.
Elbow
The joint of the forearm and upper arm.
Forearm
The portion of the front leg going from the dog's elbow to its pastern.
Harefoot
An elongated oval paw, similar to the foot of a hare.
Hock
The joint between the second thigh and the metatarsus on the hind legs.
Keel
The projecting longitudinal line that runs along the center of the chest and the bottom of the rib cage.
Knuckling over
A double-jointed wrist that doubles over when bearing the dog's weight; sometimes includes an enlarged, protruding bone.
Loin
The side areas between the dog's ribs and hindquarters.
Metatarsus
Part of the hind foot.
Pastern
The front leg between the wrist and the foot.
Second thigh
The area between the wrist and the foot.
Stifle
The joint of the hind leg; similar to a human knee.
Stop
The place where the skull and nose meet.
Thorax
The breastplate; the cavity in which the heart and lungs lie.
Tuck up
A shallowness of the body at the loin, causing the appearance of a waist.
Upper arm
Between the forearm and the shoulder blade on the front leg.
Walleye
A blue- or pearl- colored eye caused by a whitening of the iris.
Withers
The highest point of the back, usually above the front legs